Trends in Sex Ratio at Birth and Estimates of Girls Missing at Birth in India (2001-2008)
The `sex ratio at birth` defined as the number of girls born for every 1000 boys born, is a more accurate and refined indicator of the extent of prenatal sex selection. The comparison of observed sex ratio at birth with normal sex ratio at birth gives an idea of girls missing at birth. Sex ratio at birth in India for the period (2007-09) was 906, while the internationally observed normal sex ratio at birth is 952 or more girls born per 1000 boys. Accordingly, it is estimated that the practice of prenatal sex selection has resulted in approximately 5.7lakh girls being missed annually in India during the period 2001-08.